Volatile State Mathematical Models for Predicting Components in Biomass Pyrolysis Products

Authors

  • Pandit Hernowo Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Sains dan Teknologi Al-Kamal, Jalan Raya Al-Kamal No. 2, Kedoya, Jakarta Barat 11520, Indonesia
  • Carolus B. Rasrendra Department of Bioenergy Engineering and Chemurgy, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • Yogi W. Budhi Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • Jenny Rizkiana Department of Bioenergy Engineering and Chemurgy, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia
  • Anton Irawan Department of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten 42435, Indonesia
  • Septhian Marno Research and Technology Centre Pertamina, PT. Pertamina, Jalan Raya Bekasi No. 20, Pulau Gadung, Jakarta Timur, Indonesia
  • Yana Meliana Research and Technology Centre Pertamina, PT. Pertamina, Jalan Raya Bekasi No. 20, Pulau Gadung, Jakarta Timur, Indonesia
  • Oki Muraza Research & Technology Innovation, Pertamina Sopo Del Building, 51st Fl. Jalan Mega Kuningan Barat III, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia
  • Yazid Bindar Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jalan Ganesa No. 10 Bandung 40132, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2022.54.1.8

Keywords:

biomass pyrolysis, bio-pyrolysis gaseous, bio-pyrolysis oils, volatile state component models

Abstract

Volatile state mathematical models for quantifying the chemical components in volatile biomass pyrolysis products were developed. The component mass yield Yi rate depends linearly on its pseudo kinetic constant and the remaining mass yield. The mass fraction rate of each component was modeled from the derivation of its mass yield rate equation. A new mathematical model equation was successfully developed. The involved variables are: biomass number, temperature, heating rate, pre-exponential factor, and pseudo activation energy related to each component. The component mass fraction yi and the mass yield were predicted using this model within a temperature range. Available experimental pyrolysis data for beechwood and rice husk biomass were used to confirm the developed model. The volatile products were separated into bio-pyrolysis gas (BPG) and a bio-pyrolysis oil (BPO). Five components in the BPG and forty in the BPO were quantified. The pseudo activation energy for each pseudo chemical reaction for a specific component was modeled as a polynomial function of temperature. The component mass fraction and yield are quantifiable using this developed mathematical model equation within a temperature range. The predicted component mass fractions and yields agreed excellently with the available experimental data.

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Published

2022-02-02

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