Comparative Study of the Dynamics of Cosmic Rays for the Pakistan and China Atmospheric Regions

Authors

  • Faisal Nawaz Department of Basic Sciences & Mathematics, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi-75300
  • Bulbul Jan Department of Basic Sciences & Mathematics, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi-75300
  • Faisal Ahmed Khan Afridi Institute of Space Science & Technology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270
  • M. Ayub Khan Yousufzai Institute of Space Science & Technology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270
  • Faraz Mehmood Department of Basic Sciences & Mathematics, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi-75300

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.math.fund.sci.2020.52.3.1

Keywords:

cosmic rays, Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA), fluctuation, interpolation, Kriging

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of cosmic ray intensity in Pakistan air space using spatial interpolation, comparing it with Chinese cosmic ray records from 1984 to 1993. The Exploratory Data Analytic (EDA) approach was applied to compare the cosmic ray fluctuations in both countries. The time series plot of the monthly cosmic rays showed relatively flatter counts in Pakistan than in China. The cosmic ray data for the years 1984 to 1993 fell within Solar Cycle 22, which lasted from 1986 to 1996, with its maximum phase in 1989 to 1991. The cosmic radiation varies between the atmospheric regions of Pakistan and China due to modulations in intensity that are accessible accordingly. It can be explained by purely astrophysical phenomena: (1) the source of emission of cosmic radiation may be different, (2) the rate at which emanation takes place depends on bursts of deep space dynamical objects from their sources that may be affected by solar wind and other solar radiations. Therefore, modulations in intensity are not only due to different geophysical locations. This study will help government organizations to predict and forecast cosmic rays values.

Author Biographies

Faisal Nawaz, Department of Basic Sciences & Mathematics, Dawood University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi-75300

Assistant Professor

Faisal Ahmed Khan Afridi, Institute of Space Science & Technology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

Institute of Space & Planetary Astrophysics

M. Ayub Khan Yousufzai, Institute of Space Science & Technology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270

Ex-Professor

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Published

2020-12-31

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