Land Degradation Model Based on Vegetation and Erosion Aspects Using Remote Sensing Data


  • Adhi Wibowo 1R&D Center for Coal and Mineral Technology, Indonesia
  • Ishak H. Ismullah 2Department of Geodesy and Geomatics, Institute of Technology Bandung, Indonesia
  • Bobby S. Dipokusumo 2Department of Geodesy and Geomatics, Institute of Technology Bandung, Indonesia
  • Ketut Wikantika 2Department of Geodesy and Geomatics, Institute of Technology Bandung, Indonesia



The study of land degradationin various geographic conditions in the world using remote sensing is still become a concern amongst researchers because it has been proven as one of the most effective ways. In Indonesia, East Kalimantan province is one of the experiencing land area degradation due to intensive exploitation of natural resouces since 1970. The degradation model proposed in this study is modeled using a combination of ASTERand Landsat ETM+imagery, both taken on February 27, 2001. The model composed of both two aspects: erosionaspect and vegetation aspect. Vegetation aspect is a function of suppression of vegetation from Crippen and Blom method and spectral angle a of Spectral Angle Mapper(SAM) algorithm. The erosion aspect is calculated from erosion prediction and depends on the constant factors of b as well, and the latter is said as a function of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) value. Based on the validation using spectral based degradation map and Land Degradation Index of Chikhaoui et al, our model proves the ability to map land degradation, especially to better distinguish the classification of land degradation at very-slightly to very-severe intensity and the ability to differentiate water body, swamp or river.


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