Communicative City Features in Technopole Development: A Case Study in Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords:communicative city, competitiveness, development actors, technopole
The ?communicative city? and ?technopole? concepts are important in current urban development strategies since they deal with optimizing information as well as improving knowledge to support the planning process. This study aimed to identify the extent to which the features of a communicative city are present in the initial development of the Gedebage Technopole area in Bandung, Indonesia. Using a qualitative research approach, we found that some communicative city characteristics, namely, community attachment, potential to create economic activities, considering culture and history, and communication patterns, are present in the development. Interactions among the development actors display a simple triple helix model, where the government, academia, and the business sector perform their respective roles. However, communication patterns and active synergies among the actors have not been created optimally to support the initial development of the Gedebage Technopole area. Recognizing the development actors are vital because the key to the success of a technopole lies in the contribution of all actors involved and the synergy between them. This will affect the existence of a multiple helix ecosystem as a sustainable regional competitiveness engine.
Alexander, A.T., and Martin, D.P. Intermediaries for open innovation: A competence-based comparison of knowledge transfer offices practices. (2013). Journal of Technological Forecasting and Social Change Vol 80, pp 38?49.
Atkin, D., and C. Lin. Communication technology and social change: Theory and implications. (2007). Lawrence Erlbaum Mahwah: New Jersey, USA.
Becker, Eberhard, et al. Regional Innovation and Cooperation among Industries, Universities, R&D Institutes, and Governments. In Technopole Best Practices for Science and Technology City; Oh, Deog-Seong and Phillips, Fred. (2014). Springer: San Diego, pp. 23-34.
Biernacki, P., and Waldorf, D. Snowball Sampling: Problems and Techniques of Chain Referral Sampling. (1981). Sociological Methods & Research, vol 10, pp 141-163.
Blakely, Edward. The New Technology City: Infrastructure for the Future Community. (1990) Cities of the 21st Century: New Technologies and Spatial System, pp 229-236.
Bouma, Gary D. The research process. (1993). Oxford University Press: New York, USA.
Carayannis, E.G. Multiple Helix Ecosystem for Sustainable Competitiveness. (2016). Springer: Washington DC, USA.
Castells, Manuel, and Hall, Peter. Technopoles of the World. The Making of 21st Century Industrial Complexes. (1994). Routledge: London.
Chadwick, George. A Systems View of Planning: Towards a Theory of Urban and Regional Planning. (1978). Pergamon Press: Oxford.
Chesbrough, H. The Path to Open Innovation. (2009). Harvard Business Press: Boston, MA, USA.
Cohen, J., and Y. Tsfati. The influence of presumed media influence on strategic voting. (2009). Communication Research, Vol 36, pp 359-378.
Cooke, P., and Morgan, K. The associational economy: Firms, regions, and innovation. (1998) Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK.
Cuillier, D. Access attitudes: A social learning approach to examining community engagement and support for press access to government records. (2008). Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly Vol 85, pp 549-576.
Dabinett, Gordon. A New Strategic Approach to Science Cities: Towards the Achievement of Sustainable and Balanced Spatial Development. In Technopole Best Practices for Science and Technology City; Oh, Deog-Seong and Phillips, Fred. (2014). Springer: San Diego, 2014; pp. 3-20.
Donath, M. UPDATE 1-World Cities, Home to Most People, to Add 2.5 Billion More by 2050-U.N. (2015). Available online: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/07/10/un-population-cities-report-idUSL2N0PL1B120140710 (accessed on 30 July 2017).
Etzkowitz, Henry. The Triple Helix University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action. (2008). Routledge: New York, USA.
Faludi, Andreas. A Reader in Planning Theory. 1973. Pergamon Press: Oxford.
Friedmann, John. Planning in the public domain: from knowledge to action. (1987). Princeton University Press: Princeton, N.J.
Glaeser, E.L. Triumph of the City. (2011). The Penguin Press: New York, USA, 2011.
Gibson, D.V, et al. The Technopolis Phenomenon: Smart Cities, Fast Systems, Global Network. (1992). Rowman & Littlefield: Lanham, MD, USA.
Graham, Stephan. Imagining The Real-Time City: Telecommunications, Urban Paradigms and the Future of Cities in 21st Century. In Imagining Cities: Scripts, Signs and Memories; Westwood, Sallie, and Williams, John. (1996). Routledge: London, pp. 18-30.
Guo, Z., et al. Comparing direct and mediated experience as sources of crime perception in Hong Kong and Guangzhou. (2002). Mass Communication Research, Vol 71, pp 61-86.
Han, J. Y., et al. Unraveling uses and effects of an interactive health communication system. (2009). Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media Vol 53, pp 112.
Hassink, Robert, and Berg, Su Hyun. Regional Innovation Support Systems and Technopoles. In Technopole Best Practices for Science and Technology City; Oh, Deog-Seong and Phillips, Fred. (2014). Springer: San Diego, pp. 43-62.
Hay, I. Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography. (2010). Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK.
Jassem, H. Municipal wifi-ing of the United States. In The urban communication reader; Burd, Gene, et al. (2007). Hampton Press: New Jersey, pp. 221-235.
Jeffres, L.W. and Dobos, J. Metropolitan Images and the Mass Media. (1992). Paper presented to the Mass Communication interest group at the annual conference of the Central States Communication Association, Cleveland.
Jeffres, L.W. The Communicative City: Conceptualizing, Operationalizing, and Policy Making. (2010). Journal of Planning Literature, Vol 25 (2), pp 99-110.
Kotler, Philip, et al. Marketing Place: Attracting Investment, Industry, and Tourism to Cities, States, and Nations. (1993). The Free Press: New York, USA, pp. 19-25.
Longley, P. A., et al. The UK geography of the e-society: A national classification. (2008). Environment and Planning Journal Vol 40, pp 362.
McGregor, J. A., et al. Needs, wants and goals: Wellbeing, quality of life and public policy. (2009). Applied Research in Quality of Life Vol 4, pp 135-154.
Merriam, S. B. Qualitative research and case study applications in education. (1998). Jossey-Bass: San Francisco, USA.
Moleong, Lexy J. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. (2008). PT Remana Rosdakarya Offset: Bandung, Indonesia.
Molyneaux, L, et al. Measuring resilience in energy systems: Insights from a range of disciplines. (2016). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol 59, pp 1068?1079.
Neuendorf, K. A., et al. Perceptions of quality of life and affective characteristics: An urban examination. (2000). Proceedings of the second International Conference on Quality of Life in Cities. Singapore: National University of Singapore, Vol 2, pp 401.
Noviansyah, A, and Sutriadi, Ridwan. Communicating Sustainability in Communicative City: Problems On Implementing SDG?s in Indonesia. (2019). European Publisher: European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences.
Nussbaum, J. F. Presidential address: Life span communication and the quality of life. (2007). Journal of Communication Vol 57, pp 1-7.
Oh, Deog Seong. Sustainable Development of Technopole: Case Study of Daedeok Science Town/Innopolis in Korea. In Technopole Best Practices for Science and Technology City; Oh, Deog-Seong and Phillips, Fred. (2014). Springer: San Diego, pp. 91-115.
Payne, Geoff, and Judy Payne. Key Concepts in Social Research. (2004). SAGE Publications: London.
Phillips, Fred, et al. The Triple Helix: International Cases and Critical Summary. In Technopole Best Practices for Science and Technology City; Oh, Deog-Seong and Phillips, Fred. (2014). Springer: San Diego, pp. 67-89.
Pitt, D.R. Harnessing community energy: The keys to climate mitigation policy adoption in US municipalities. (2010). Local Environ Vol 15, pp 717?729.
Popescu, G. H., et al. Measuring Sustainable Competitiveness in Contemporary Economies - Insight from European Economy. (2017). MDPI Sustainability Journals Vol 9, pp 1230.
Ross, J. Ways of approaching research. (1990). Available online: http://www.und.nodak.edu/instruct/wstevens/ PROPOSALCLASS/Huntpaper.htm (accessed on 24 July 2016).
Sassen, Saskia. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. (1991). Princeton University Press: New Jersey, USA.
Scott, John T. Purposive Diversification and Economic Performance. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, England, 1993.
Segrin, C. Communication and the study of personal well-being. (2005) Gazette-Journal vol 67, pp 547.
Serra, S.H. Architecture and planning for a media-rich urban environment. In The urban communication reader; Burd, Gene, et al. (2007). Hampton Press: New Jersey, pp. 205-219.
Spradley, James. Participant Observation. (1980). Holt, Rinehart, and Winston: New York, USA.
Stephen, P., et al. Measuring resilience and recovery. (2016). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Vol 19, pp 447?460.
Sutriadi, Ridwan. A Communicative City as a Preliminary Step towards a Technopole Agenda. (2016), Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol 227, pp 623-629.
Tongco, Ma. Dolores C. Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection. (2007). Ethnobotany Research and Applications: A Journal of Plants, People, and Applied Research, Vol 5, pp 148-157.
US Conference of Mayors. US Conference of Mayors Climate Protection Agreement. (2014). Available online: http://www.usmayors.org/climateprotection/agreement.htm (accessed on 30 July 2017).
United Nations Habitat. (2015) International Guidance on Urban and Regional Planning. UN-Habitat: Nairobi, Kenya.
Velibeyoglu, K. Institutional Use of Information Technologies in City Planning Agencies: Implications from Turkish Metropolitan Municipalities. (2004). Doctoral dissertation; Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, Turkey.
Walsh-Childers, K. Newspaper influence on health policy development. (1994). Newspaper Research Journal Vol 15, pp 89-104.
Yigitcanlar, T., and Weaver, D. H. Local media, public opinion, and state legislative policies: Agenda setting at the state level. (2009). International Journal of Press/Politics Vol. 14, pp 454-476.
________. https://openknowledgemaps.org/ (accessed on 20 July 2021)
________.connectedpapers.com (accessed on 29 July 2021)