Kajian Implementasi BIM (Building Information Modeling) di Indonesia Berdasarkan Perspektif Pelaksana Konstruksi (Studi Kasus: Proyek Kontraktor BUMN)

https://doi.org/10.5614/jts.2023.30.2.15

Authors

  • Aditya Pratama Student
  • Puti Farida Marzuki Profesor

Abstract

Abstrak

BIM (Building Information Modeling) adalah simulasi model 3D yang menghubungkan informasi perencanaan, desain, konstruksi, dan operasional sehingga dapat meningkatkan efektivitas dan efisiensi konstruksi. Namun, adopsi BIM di Indonesia relatif lambat. Maka dari itu, dilakukan identifikasi kondisi implementasi BIM untuk mengetahui arah penggunaan dan perkembangannya. Penerapan BIM yang optimal didasari implementasi dua faktor utama, yaitu kedewasaan pemanfaatan fungsi BIM dan implementasi fasilitas pendukung. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, BIM mayoritas dimanfaatkan pada fase proyek: Konstruksi, Desain, dan Perencanaan dengan menggunakan aplikasi: REVIT, Navisworks, dan BIM 360. Kedewasaan pemanfaatan fungsi BIM yang dominan dirasakan adalah: Collaboration Team Building, Communication, dan Clash Detection. Faktor utama penghambat Implementasi BIM adalah Aturan (Persiapan, Regulasi, dan Kontrak). Perlu disusun regulasi terkait aplikasi yang sering digunakan oleh pelaksana konstruksi. Potensi pengembangan implementasi BIM dirumuskan ke dalam 8 Usulan Potensi Pengembangan yang terbagi menjadi 3 jangka tahapan implementasi: Pendek (1-2 tahun), Menengah (3-4 tahun), dan Panjang (>5 Tahun). Implementasi BIM berpotensi mengembangkan Project Delivery tradisional DBB (Design-Bid-Build) menjadi DB (Design-Build). Implementasi BIM dengan Project Delivery berjenis DBB sama banyaknya dengan DB,  menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan BIM dapat memfasilitasi penggunaan DB. Keterlibatan BIM Engineer adalah hal esensial dalam pelaksanaan proyek dengan BIM dan dapat mempermudah implementasi Project Delivery berjenis DB.

Kata-kata Kunci: Aplikasi BIM, BIM (Building Information Modelling), BIM engineer, fasilitas penunjang, hambatan implementasi, identifikasi kondisi implementasi BIM, kedewasaan pemanfaatan fungsi BIM, kondisi implementasi BIM negara lain, project delivery, roadmap implementasi BIM

Abstract

BIM (Building Information Modeling) is a 3D model simulation that connects planning, design, construction, and operational information to increase construction effectiveness and efficiency. However, BIM adoption in Indonesia is relatively slow. Therefore, the identification of BIM implementation conditions is carried out to determine the direction of its development. Optimal BIM implementation is based on two factors: BIM functions maturity and implementation of supporting facilities. Based on research, most BIM is used in the project phases: Construction, Design, and Planning using the applications: REVIT, Navisworks, and BIM 360. The main benefits of using BIM are: Collaboration Team Building, Communication, and Clash Detection. Rules (Preparation, Regulations, and Contracts) are the main factors inhibiting BIM Implementation. Regulations need to be drawn up regarding applications that are often used by construction implementers. The development for BIM implementation is formulated into 8 Proposals which are divided into 3 stages: Short, Medium, and Long. BIM implementation has the potential to develop traditional DBB (Design-Bid-Build) Project Delivery into DB (Design-Build). There are as many BIM implementations with DBB type as DB, showing that the use of BIM can facilitate the use of DB. The involvement of a BIM Engineer is essential in implementing projects with BIM.

Keywords: BIM (Building Information Modeling), BIM application, BIM engineer, BIM implementation roadmap, conditions for implementing BIM in other countries, identification of BIM implementation conditions, implementation barriers, maturity of BIM function utilization, project delivery, supporting facilities

 

Author Biography

Puti Farida Marzuki, Profesor

Professor (Full) at Bandung Institute of Technology

Published

2023-08-26