Study of Sedimentation Control on Bangga River, Palu Watershed, Central Sulawesi

https://doi.org/10.5614/jts.2023.30.2.3

Authors

  • Fanny Aliza Savitri Water Resources Research Group, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Bandung Institute of Technology, West Java, Indonesia
  • Mohammad Bagus Adityawan Water Resources Research Group, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Bandung Institute of Technology, West Java, Indonesia
  • Widyaningtias Widyaningtias Water Resources Research Group, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering Bandung Institute of Technology, West Java, Indonesia.

Abstract

Abstract.


Bangga River is located in a mountainous area in the Palu River Basin with an area of 74.82 km2 and a river length
of 16.97 km. Flood with the approximated water depth of 3 m occur in Bangga’s Village. The cliffs upstream of the
Bangga River areunstable and can easily collapse due to the disaster. Ministry of Public Works and Housing
control through Sabo dam’s structure. This study aims to analyze the performance of sabo dam’s structure in
reducing sediments and the floods. Analysis and modeling using two scenarios, before and after the sabo dam
structure’s control was built, using HEC-RAS Software with purposeful 1D modeling to simulate flow patterns, total
sediment. The HEC-RAS simulation shows that the water surface is stood at 2.1 m depth in the existing condition.
Sabo dam structure can reduce of sediment transport, which was computed according to Engelund (81%
reduction), Mayer Peter Muller (MPM) with 92% reduction, and Yang (91% sediment yields reduction). So, the
sabo dam's structure is not merely utilized to retain the sediment, but it can reduce potential flooding in the future.
Keywords: Sedimentation, sediment control building, HEC-RAS, sabo dam, flood.


Abstrak.


Sungai Bangga terletak di daerah pegunungan di DAS Palu dengan luas 74,82 km2 dan memiliki panjang sungai
16,97 km. Banjir dengan kedalaman air + 3 m terjadi di Desa Bangga. Tebing-tebing di hulu Sungai Bangga tidak
stabil dan mudah runtuh akibat bencana. Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat mengontrol
melalui bangunan Sabo dam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kinerja bangunan Sabo dam dalam
mereduksi sedimen dan banjir. Analisis dan pemodelan dilakukan dengan dua skenario yaitu sebelum dan sesudah
bangunan sabo dam terbangun, menggunakan Software HEC-RAS dengan pemodelan 1D yang bertujuan untuk
mensimulasikan pola aliran dan total sedimen. Simulasi HEC-RAS menunjukkan bahwa kedalaman air berada
pada 2,1 m pada kondisi eksisting. Bangunan sabo dam dapat mereduksi transpor sedimen, yang dihitung menurut
beberap rumus yaitu Engelund (reduksi 81%), Mayer Peter Muller (MPM) dengan reduksi 92%, dan Yang (reduksi
91%). Jadi, bangunan sabo dam tidak hanya dimanfaatkan untuk menahan sedimen, tetapi dapat mengurangi
potensi banjir di masa depan.


Kata-kata kunci: Sedimentasi, bangunan pengontrol sedimen, HEC-RAS, sabo dam, banjir.

Published

2024-07-01