The Visual Arts Education Crisis in Malaysia: Placement of Students into the Arts Curricular Stream at the Upper Secondary Level in Malaysian Secondary Schools

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.vad.2019.11.2.1

Authors

  • Ahmad Suffian Asmawi Ponijan Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Mohamad Faizuan Mat Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Sarah Naemah Aman Leong Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak

Keywords:

curricular streams, issues and problems, visual arts education, visual art

Abstract

In Malaysia, the curricular subject of visual art, especially at secondary school level, pays little attention to the aspect of artistic knowledge development. Students are assigned to the arts stream based on their Level Three assessment results, which ultimately causes problems in the visual art learning process in the classroom. On the other hand, formal art education is absent among students in the science stream and visual art is perceived to be only for underperforming students, when in fact visual art can be a valuable subject for all students. This study used a qualitative triangulation method to assess the similarities between data from face-to-face interviews, observations and literature study. Visual arts education is duly needed at the upper secondary level of education in Malaysia to cultivate future generations with creative and critical minds. However, does the art education offered in the arts stream actually benefit the students who are assigned to this curricular stream based on the existing student placement system? This study aimed to investigate problems and issues in Malaysian visual arts education based on the system of student placement into curricular streams.

References

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Putra Jaya, 2013.

Mat, M.F., Knowledge of Art in Malaysian Contemporary Visual Art Malaysian Arts, Journal of Visual Art & Design, 9(1), pp. 38-48, 2017. DOI:10.5614/j.vad.2017.9.1.4

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Menengah, Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Putra Jaya, pp. 1-56, 2003. (Text in Malaysian)

Chalmers, F.G., Art Education as Ethnology, Studies in Art Education, 22(3), pp. 6-14, 1981. DOI: 10.2307/1320067

Faizuan, M.M. & Nasir, M.B., Issues and Problems in Malaysian Contemporary Visual Arts, Journal of Visual Art and Design, 7(2), pp. 131-143, 2016. DOI:10.5614/j.vad. 2016.7.2.4

Pooke, G. & Newall, D., Arts History the Basics, Routledge, New York, 2008. ISBN 0-203-41352-0

Denzin, N.K., Sociological Methods: A Source Book, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978.

Asmawi, A., Rohani, A. & Jaafar, C., Pendidikan Seni Visual Tingkatan 2, Ilmu Bakti, Petaling Jaya, 2006. (Text in Malaysian)

Panduan Malaysia, Senarai Aliran dan Mata Pelajaran Menengah Lepasan PT3, Panduan Malaysia, 2018, https://www.panduanmalaysia. com/senarai-aliran-dan-mata-pelajaran-sekolah-menengah-lepasan-pt3, (16 June 2018). (Text in Malaysian)

Rufo, D., STEAM with a Capital A: Learning Frenzy STEAM with a Capital A: Learning Frenzy, 1(1), 2013, DOI:10.5642/steam.201301.25

Fang, N., Increasing High School Students' Interest in STEM Education Through Collaborative Brainstorming with Yo-Yos, Journal of STEM Education, 14(4), pp. 8-14, 2013.

Kementrian Pendidikan Malaysia, Sekolah Seni Malaysia, 2018, https://moe.gov.my/index.php/my/sekolah/sekolah-seni-malaysia, (22 March 2019). (Text in Malaysian)

Crawshaw, J. & Gkartzios, M., Getting to Know the Island: Artistic Experiments in Rural Community Development, Journal of Rural Studies, 43, pp. 134-144, 2016. DOI:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.12.007

Abu, T.P., Seni dalam Pendidikan: Soal Relevan dan Konteks Semasa, Konvensyen Kebangsaan Pendidikan Seni Visual 2000, pp. 100-110, 2000. (Text in Malaysian)

Carr, T., The Visual Arts in The Civilization Classroom, Foreign Language Annals, pp. 45-51, 1983. DOI:10.1111/j.1944-9720.1983. tb01423.x

Ashcroft, K. & James, D., The Creative Professional: Learning to Teach 14-19 Year Olds, Falmer Press, London, 1999.

Eccles, J. & Gootman, J.A., Community Programs to Promote Youth Development, National Academies Press, Washington DC., 2003.

Deasy, R.J., Critical Links: Learning in the Arts and Student Academic and Social Development, Arts Education Partnership, Washington DC, 2002. ISBN-1-884037-78-X

Catterall, J.S., The Arts and The Transfer of Learning, in Learning in The Arts and Student Academic and Social Development, Deasy, R.J. (ed.), Arts Education Partnership, Washington DC, 2002. ISBN-1-884037-78-X

Published

2019-12-31