Batik Fractal: Marriage of Art and Science


  • Yun Hariadi Pixel People Project, Jl. Jakarta KKP, Kav. 30, Bandung 40217
  • Muhamad Lukman Pixel People Project, Jl. Jakarta KKP, Kav. 30, Bandung 40217
  • Achmad Haldani Destiarmand Craft and Tradition Research Group, Faculty of Visual Art and Design, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jalan Ganesa No.10, Bandung 40132


By applying Fourier Transformation, this paper shows that batik has fractal characteristic. This character is shown in batik's fractal dimension between 1 and 2. The isen process in batik is one factor that contributes to create self affine as one of fractal's important characteristic. Anova Test for fractal dimension in this method classifies batik according to patterns and its region. Fractal in batik shows the presence of complexity in traditional art. This complexity arises because the effort to obey pakem rule and media. Furthermore, the presence of fractal in batik becomes the foundation of this paper to create algorithm which will produce new kind of patterns: Batik Fractal. The method used for creating the pattern is L-System and Fractal Dimension. L-System is used to create pattern, while Fractal Dimension is used as a measurement tool for Batik Fractal to compare with traditional batik. Algorithm to create Batik Fractal has been developed into a software known as jBatik. As a software, jBatik becomes a helping tool for batik makers to create new patterns. jBatik v 2.0 has been used as a tool to create new batik patterns in creative industry by involving several batik makers.


Hariadi, Y., Lukman, M. & Haldani, A. 2007. Batik Fractal: From Traditional Art to Modern Complexity, Proceeding Generative Art X Milan Italia.

Heurteaux, Y. & Jaffard, S. 2007. Multifractal Analysis of Images: New Connexions between Analysis and Geometry, J. Byrnes (ed.), Imaging for Detection and Identification, pp. 169-194, Springer.

Aouidi, J. & Slimane, M.B. 2002. Multi-Fractal Formalism for Quasi-Self-Similar Functions, Journal of Statistical Physics, 108(3/4).