Formulasi Natrium Ascorbyl Phosphate dalam Mikroemulsi A/M VCO

Tri Suciati, Lisa Patricia

Abstract


Dilakukan pengembangan formulasi mikroemulsi A/M untuk menghasikan permeasi tertinggi dari Natrium Ascorbyl Phosphate (NAP) sebagai turunan vitamin C yang stabil. Mikroemulsi dibuat dengan menggunakan VCO sebagai basis minyak, gliserin sebagai kosurfaktan, dan kombinasi Tween 80 – Span 80 sebagai surfaktan. Hasil mikroemulsi diperoleh pada konsentrasi surfaktan 27,5% dengan rasio Tween 80-Span 80 3:1, konsentrasi kosurfaktan gliserin 30%, dan fasa dalam 15%. Pada pengamatan organoleptik, sediaan mikroemulsi memiliki penampilan jernih kuning tanpa pemisahan fasa setelah dilakukan uji sentrifuga, freeze-thaw, danpenyimpanan 28 hari di suhu ruang dan 40°C. Sediaan memiliki viskositas rata-rata 375 cps dan pH rata-rata 6,80±0,21dengan jumlah rata-rata NAP terdifusi 850,56 μg/cm2 atau sebanyak 75,75% selama 8 jam penentuan in vitro dengan membran kulit ular. Mikroemulsi A/M berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai pembawa NAP dalam kosmetik antikerut.

Kata kunci: mikroemulsi, NAP, vitamin C, VCO.

 

Optimization of formulation was done to develop a W/O microemulsion formulation to yield highest diffusion of Natrium Ascorbyl Phosphate (NAP) as the stable form of vitamin C. Microemulsions were made using using VCO as the oil phase, options of ethanol or glycerin as cosurfactant, and combination of Tween 80 and Span 80 as surfactants. Microemulsion was obtained at surfactant concentration of 27.5% with a 3:1 ratio of Tween80-Span80, 30% of glycerin as cosurfactant, and 15% of the inner phase. The organoleptic of preparations had a clear, transparent yellowish appearance without phase separation after centrifugation test, freeze-thaw test, and 28 days of storage at room temperature and 40°C. Preparations had 375 cps of average viscosity and 6.80±0.2 pH with 850.56μg/cm2 or 75.75% of NAP diffused after 8 hoursin vitro testing using snake’s skin as the membrane. Microemulsion W/O is potential to be developed as a carrier for NAP in anti-wrinkle cosmetics.

Keywords: microemulsion, NAP, vitamin C, VCO.


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