Globalizing Local Content as A New Concept In Planning Education: Experience in Developing Double Master Degree Program Between University of Groningen, The Netherlands and Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
In the past, developing curricula for planning education in developing countries could mean asking for assistance from the western universities to set up a degree program, using western planning tools to be put into social and cultural specific of the developing countries. Most of such collaboration would ignore the potency of knowing the two different worlds. Those view is no longer appropriate as globalisation in planning discipline is inescapable, dualistic views on the planning in rich and poor countries has to be seen as a strong point for planning education especially because education itself is now globalising. The trend for global education is visible, collaboration between developed and developing countries universities are everywhere not only for the financial reasons but also because economic, environment, social and cultural development are now cross border, and this often involving conflict and a lliance across ethno national. Within the above framework, this paper discusses the development of curricula of the Department of City and Regional Planning of the Institute Teknologi Bandung, since the department was set up with the help of the United Nation in 1959; the development of Master degree programme with the assistance of the Development
Planning Unit, University College London; and the development of Double Master Degree Programme in collaboration with the Faculty of Spatial Sciences, RUG. It is argued that the curricula has been developed in response to the changing planning context in national as well as international level and that planning education has to be able to enrich students not only with the analytical, tech nical and socio political knowledge of local content of developing countries but also the content of developed countries as these two knowledge will enhance understanding of global development problems.
DPU Website 2006 at http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dpu/publications/dpu_news_49.htm
USC Web site 2006 http://www.usc.edu/schools/sppd/about/
Firman, T., (2002), “Urban Development in Indonesia, 1990-2001: from the boom to early reform era through the crisis”, in Habitat International, Vol. 26, pp 229-249
-------- 2005, the Brain Business, The Economist, September 10th 2005
Booth, P. (2005) The Nature of Difference: Traditions of Law and Government and Their Effects on Planning in Britain and France. In: Sanyal, B. (ed.) (2005) Comparative Planning Cultures. London, Routledge, pp. 259-84.
Friedmann, J. (2005) Planning Culture in Transition. In: Sanyal, B. (ed.) (2005) Comparative Planning Cultures. London, Routledge, pp. 29-44, Routledge, London.
Winarso, H. & T. Firman (2002) Residential land development in Jabotabek, Indonesia: triggering economic crisis?. Habitat International, No. 26, pp. 487-506.
Winarso, H., Pradono., Zulkaidi, D., Miharja, M., (2002), Pemikiran dan Praktek Perencanaan dalam Era Tranformasi di Indonesia, Bandung: Departemen Teknik Planologi ITB.
Winarso, H, (1999), "Private Residential Developers and Spatial Structure of Jabotabek" in Chapman, P., Dutt, AK. Bradnock, RW., Urban Growth and Development in Asia, Ashgate, Aldershot.
Healey, P., (1997), Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies, Macmillan Press Ltd., Hong Kong.
Booth, A., (1992), “Implementing Monetary Policy”, in Booth, A., Ed., The Oil Boom and After: Indonesian Economic Policy and Performance in The Soeharto Era. Oxford University Press, Singapore.
Levy, C. (1992), "Gender and the Environment: the Challenge of Cross Cutting Issues in Development Policy and Planning" in Environment and Urbanisation, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 134-149.
Safier, M., (1992), „Urban Development: Policy Planning and Management‟, in Habitat International, Vol. 2, pp. 5-12
Winters, JA. (1991), Structural Power and Investor Mobility: Capital Control and State Policy In Indonesia, 1965 - 1990, Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Yale University.
Moser, C, (1989), “Community Participation in Urban projects in the Third World” in Progress in Planning, Vol.32, pp. 71 – 133
Hall, P,.(1988) Cities of Tomorrow : An Intellectual History of Urban Planning And Design in the Twentieth Century, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
Mattingly, M., (1988), "From Town Planning to Development Planning: A Transition Trough Training" in Habitat International, Vol. 12.
Bogaers, E., de Ruijter, E., (1986), “Ir. Karsten and Indonesian Town Planning 1915 – 1940”, in Nas, PJ., Ed., The Indonesian City, Foris Publication, Dordrecht.
Nas, PJM., (1986),Ed., The Indonesian Cities, Foris Publication, Dordrecht.
Safier, M., (1983), "Passage to Positive Planning", in Habitat International, Vol.. 7, No. 5/6. pp. 105–116.
Rodwind, L., (1981), Cities and City Planning, Plennum Press, New York.
King, AD., (1980), ‟Exporting Planning: the Colonial and Neo-Colonial Experience‟, in Cherry, Planning and the Environment in the Modern World. Vol.2: Shaping An Urban World., Mansell Information Publishing, London.
Glassburner, B., Ed., (1971), The economy of Indonesia: Selected Readings, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.
Koenigsberger, O., (1964), „Action Planning‟, in Architectural Association Journal, May.
Hill, H., (1996), The Indonesian Economy Since 1966, Cambridge University Press, Hong Kong.
Perloff, H.S. 1957 Education for Planning: City, State and Regional, Baltimore, Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press.
Doebele , W.A., 1962, “Education for Planning in Developing Countries: The Bandung School of Regional and City Planning”. Town Planning review XXXIII (2)
Keeble, L., 1969: Principle and Practice of Town and Country Planning, London: Estate Gazette
Faludi, A., 1973, Planning Theory, Oxford: Pergamon
Cherry, 1980, Planning and the Environment in the Modern World. Vol.2: Shaping An Urban World., Mansell Information Publishing, London.
Nienbanck, P L. 1988, Planning Education: Unleashing the Future, Journal of the American Planning Association, 54 no 4: 432-441.
Amirahmadi, H 1993. Globalisation and Planning Education, Environment and Planning B. 20: 537-55
Rydin, Y., 1993, The British Planning System; An Introduction, London: McMillan Press Ltd
Friedman J., Kuester, 1994, Planning Education for the late twentieth century: An initial inquiry., Journal of Planning Education and Research 14 (1) 55-56
Friedman, J., 1996, The Core Curriculum in Planning Revisited, Journal of Planning Education and Research 15: 89-104
Alexander, ER, 1998, Approaches to Planning: Introducing Current Planning Theories, Concept, and Issues, New York: Gordon Breach Science Publisher.
Ozawa, CP and EP, Seltzer, 1999, Taking our bearing: mapping a realationship between planning practice, theory and education. Journal of Planning Education and Research 18: 257. 66.
Alexander. ER. 2001. What do planners need to know? Journal of Planning Education and Research 20: 376-80
Almendinger 2001, Planning in the post modern time, London, Routledge
Sofhany, TFS, 2002, Isue-isue Strategis Partisipasi Publik dalam Proses Perencanaan, in Winarso, H., Pradono., Zulkaidi, D., Miharja, M., (2002), Pemikiran dan Praktek Perencanaan dalam Era Tranformasi di Indonesia. Bandung: Departemen Teknik Planologi ITB
Zulkaidi, D., 2002, “Kepentingan Nasional dan dan Kepentingan Propinsi dalam Pennataan Ruang” in Winarso, H., Pradono., Zulkaidi, D., Miharja, M., (2002), Pemikiran dan Praktek Perencanaan dalam Era Tranformasi di Indonesia, Bandung: Departemen Teknik Planologi ITB.
Friedman, J., 2003; Why do Planning Theory? In Planning Theory, Vol 2 (1): 1 -10
Oetomo, A., 2003: “Lintasan Sejarah Departemen Teknik Planologi ITB” in Departemen Pekerjaan Umum, Beberapa Ungkapan Sejarah Penataan Ruang Indonesia 1948-2000
Van Horen, B., Leaf, M., Pinnawala, 2004, ”localizing a Global Discipline: Designing New Plannig Programs in Sri Lanka” Journal of Planning Education and Research 23: 255-268
Sanyal, B., 2005, Comparative Planning Culture, London: Routledge.
Levy, C., 2006, “Dilemma on Urban Development Planning Education: Positioning the DPU” in DPU News, issues 48.
Wooldridge 2005, The brain Business, the Economist Septembers 10
Vilorioa 1974, , L.A., 1970, “Education for Planning: The Special Circumstances in Low Income Countries” in Phillipine Planning Journal, Vol. 1, No 2.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright © 2019 Journal of Regional and City Planning