Maturitas Enterprise Risk Management Kontraktor Besar di Indonesia dan Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhinya

Andreas Kurniawan, Andreas Wibowo

Abstract


Abstrak

Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) adalah salah satu pendekatan holistik dalam mengidentifikasi risiko perusahaan yang mungkin dihadapi dan menentukan respon yang tepat dan sesuai dengan risk appetite perusahaan tersebut. Penelitian terkait ERM sudah banyak dilakukan di banyak bidang di berbagai negara, namun penelitian terkait ERM kontraktor besar di Indonesia belum pernah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat maturitas ERM kontraktor besar di Indonesia dan mengidentifikasi faktor faktor yang memengaruhi tingkat maturitas ERM. Penelitian ini melibatkan 31 kontraktor besar Indonesia dengan klasifikasi B1 dan B2. Metode perhitungan tingkat maturitas adalah fuzzy set theory karena memiliki keunggulan dalam menangani ambiguitas data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat maturitas ERM kontraktor Indonesia berada pada “mediumhigh”. Analisis lebih lanjut menemukan adanya hubungan positif antara tingkat maturitas ERM terhadap pengalaman perusahaan, klasifikasi perusahaan, dan adopsi SNI ISO 31000:2011. Analisis juga menemukan tidak ada korelasi antara kepemilikan badan usaha dan adopsi edisi ISO 9000 yang berbeda dengan maturitas ERM.

Abstract

Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is a holistic approach in identifying risks of an enterprise that may face and determines appropriate responses aligned with its risk appetite. There have been abundant research efforts focusing on ERM for many areas in many countries but none of them were specifically dedicated to measuring the ERM maturity of large Indonesian construction firms. This research aims at measuring ERM level of Indonesian large construction firms and identifying its influencing factors. This research was based on a survey involving a total of 31 construction firms of B1 and B2 class. The fuzzy set theory was used for the maturity assessment because of its merits in dealing with ambiguity. This research demonstrates that the ERM maturity of the sampled firms is “medium-high.” A further correlational analysis suggests that the maturity tends to go higher for firms of longer experiences, larger size, and adopting SNI ISO 31000: 2011. The analysis also founds that there are no correlations between ownership types of enteprises and adoption of different editions of ISO 9000 and ERM maturity.


Keywords


Enterprise risk management, maturitas, perusahaan konstruksi, fuzzy set theory, analisis korelasi, Indonesia.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5614%2Fjts.2017.24.3.9

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