Risk Assesment and Management Recommendations of Invasive Species in Papandayan Mountain Nature Reserve, West Java


  • Anggi Sella Nyuanti School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Rina Ratnasih Irwanto School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung
  • Elham Sumarga School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung




Invasive species


Natural disasters and anthropogenic disturbances have caused several locations in the Papandayan Mountain Nature Reserve to be more vulnerable and exposed further triggering the presence of invasive species. This presence impacts the environment, the economy, and the health of humans and animals. This research aims to assess the risks of these invasive species, followed by various recommendation strategies towards their species management. Data on species diversity was collected by vegetation analysis, using the quadratic method by purposively sampling plots. Results showed the existence of six invasive species in Papandayan i.e. Ageratina riparia (Regel) R.M.King & H.Rob., Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) R.M.King & H.Rob.,Austroeupatorium inulaefolium (Kunth) R.M.King & H.Rob., Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch., Rubus moluccanus L., and Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L.. The assessment of invasive species was assessed through two indices; Risk Index and Feasibility Index. Each of them was calculated based on the Risk Assessment Protocol to determine their strategy of control. Based on the Risk and Feasibility Indices, several recommendation strategies to manage invasive species are proposed.

Author Biography

Anggi Sella Nyuanti, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Postgraduate Student at Biology, Institute Technology of Bandung


Rahayu W. Suksesi Vegetasi Di Gunung Papandayan Pasca Letusan Tahun 2002 [skripsi].Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor; 2006.

Nghiem L, Soliman T, Yeo D, Tan H, Evans T. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Harmful Non-Indigenous Species in Southeast Asia. PLoS ONE, 2013; 8: 145-157.

Alpert P, Bone E, Holzapel C. Invasiveness, Invasibility and The Role of Environmental Stress in The Spread of Non-native Plants. Perspective in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 2000; 3: 52 - 66.

Moris W, Hansen M, Nelson M, McWiliams W. Relation of Invasif Ground cover Plant Presence to Evidence of Disturbance in the Forest of the Upper Midwest of the United States. New York; 2009.

Setiabudi, Tjitrosoedirdjo S, Mawardi I, Bachri S. Invasion of Acacia nilotica into savanna inside Baluran National Park, East Java, Indonesia. 24th Asian-Pasific Weed Science Society Conference. BIOTROP. 2013.

Harron P, Joshi O, Edgar C B, Paudel S, Adhikari A. Predicting Kudzu (Pueraria montana) spread and its economic impacts in timber industry: case study from Oklahoma, Plos One,2020; 13: 1-12.

Pysek P, Richardson D M. Invasive species, environmental change and management, and health, Management of Biological Invasion, 2010; 35: 25-55.

Webber, E. Invasif plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds, CABI Publishing, Wallingford; 2003.

Leung B, Roura P N, Bacher S. Teasing apart alien species risk assessments: A framework for best practices, Ecology Letters, 2010; 15: 1475-1493.

Tjitrosoedirdjo S, Tjitrosoedirdjo S, Setyawati T. Tanaman Invasif dan Pendekatan Pengelolaannya. FORIS Indonesia, Bogor; 2016.

Mueller D, Ellenberg H. Aims and Methods of Vegetation Ecology, John Wiley & Sons, New York; 1974.

Backer C A, Van den Brink C B. Flora of Java Vol. I. Noordhoff, Groningen, 1963.

Backer C A, Van den Brink C B. Flora of Java Vol. II. Noordhoff, Groningen, 1965.

Backer C A, Van den Brink C B. Flora of Java Vol. III. Noordhoff, Groningen, 1968.

Virtue, J.South Australia weed risk management guide, Plant Prot. 2008; 25:75-90.

Rahayu N. Karakter Komunitas dan Tingkat Keinvasifan Tumbuhan Merambat di Suaka Margasatwa Pulau Rambut [tesis]. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor; 2017.

Blumenthal, D. Interactions between resource availability and enemy release in plant invasion. Ecology Letters. 2006; 9: 887-895.

Tripathi R, Yadav A. Population dynamics of Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng and Eupatorium riparium Regel in relation to burning. Weed Research. 1987; 27: 229-36.

Barton J, Boow J, Ragiel K, Edenborough K, Whaley, K. Evaluating the flow-on effects of the biological control agents for Ageratina riparia (mist flower) on plant succession. Proceedings of the XI International Symposium on Biological Control of Weed, 2006; 487-492.

Barreto W, Evans C. Taxonomy of a fungus introduced into Hawaii for biological control of Ageratina riparia (Eupatorieae: Compositae), with observations on related weed pathogens. Ecology Letters. 1988; 91: 81-97

Parsons W, Cuthbertson E. Noxious Weeds of Australia. Melbourne, Australia, Inkata Press. 1992; 692-703.

Morin L, Hill R, Matayoshi S, Whenua M. Hawaii's successful biological control strategy for mist flower (Ageratina riparia) - can it be transferred to New Zealand. Biocentral Ecology.1997; 18: 3-5.

Zancola B, Wild C, Hero J. Inhibition of Ageratina riparia (Asteraceae) by native Australian flora and fauna. Austral Ecology. 2000; 25: 563-569.

Baruah N C, Sarma J C., Sarma S, Sharma R P.Seed germination and growth inhibitory cadinenes from Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng, J. Ecoogy, 1994: 20: 1885-1887.

Kaul S, Bansal L. Allelopathic effect of Ageratina adenophora and Ageratina riparia on growth and development of Lantana camara. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2002; 7: 195-197.

Zheng Y., Feng Y, Liu W, Liao Z. Growth, biomass allocation, morphology, and photosynthesis of invasif Eupatorium adenophorum (sic) and its native congeners grown at four irradiances. Plant Ecology. 2009; 203: 263-271.

Moody M, Mack R. Controlling the spread of plant invasions: the importance of nescent foci. Journal of Applied Ecology. 1988; 25: 1009-1021.

Grice T. Principles of containment and control of invasif species. New York (US): Oxford University; 2009.

Wilson C, Graham N. "Mistflower', Agnote, 628, no. F80. Weeds Branch (Darwin), Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, Northern Territory; 2000

Kluge R. Biological control of Crofton weed, Ageratina adenophora (Asteraceae), in South Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment. 1991; 37: 187-191.

Dodd A. Biological control of Eupatorium adenophorum in Queensland. Australian Journal of Science, 1961; 23: 356-365.

Glass S. Ecological restoration as a strategic framework for invasif species management planning: The University of Wisconsin experience. Proceeding of the North American Prairie. 2004; 4, 184-187.