CO2 Emission and Absorption Estimation in Bandung City by Implementing CO2 Emission Rate Reduction Simulation Using the Stella Program

Authors

  • Natalia Christiani School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology
  • Yayat Hidayat School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology
  • Sutrisno School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/3bio.2021.3.1.4

Keywords:

CO2 Emissions, CO2 Absorptions, CERRS

Abstract

Bandung CO2 emissions continue to increase in line with its population. The emissions source comes from the industrial, transportation, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), household, and livestock sectors, whereas CO2 absorption only comes from vegetation through photosynthesis. High CO2 emissions could decrease air quality and reduce environmental health. This study aims to estimate the amount of CO2 emissions and their absorption in Bandung by implementing CO2 Emission Rate Reduction Simulation (CERRS). The simulation comprises four scenarios, namely substitution of vehicle fuel and the application of smart driving techniques, optimization of waste processing in IWPS, processing 90% of livestock waste into biogas, and green space development of 30% of Bandung City area. Estimated CO2 emission and absorption rates were calculated for the next 10 years (2021-2030) using the Stella program version 9.0.2. The results showed that without implementing the CERRS, the amount of CO2 emissions in Bandung in 2030 was estimated to reach 10,983,666.82 tons while implementing the CERRS was 2,361,721.30 tons. Without implementing the CERRS, the estimated amount of CO2 absorptions in 2030 was 214,235.11 tons, while implementing the CERRS was 2,785,703.11 tons. It is expected that the application of the CERRS could reduce the level of CO2 emissions in Bandung by 78.5% and increase CO2 absorptions by 1,200.3%.

Author Biographies

Natalia Christiani, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology

Natalia Christiani is a Bio-management master student at the Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia. She received a bachelor's degree in Forestry Engineering from Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia. She is interested in urban forests, sustainability, and ecotourism.

Yayat Hidayat, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology

Yayat Hidayat is a lecturer at the Bandung Institute of Technology in the School of Life Sciences and Technology. He received a bachelor's degree in Silviculture from Bogor Agricultural University, a master's degree in Silviculture from Bogor Agricultural University, and a doctorate's degree in Forest Genetics from Padjajaran University. His research interest is in silviculture, forest genetic, forest restoration, and tree improvement.

Sutrisno, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Bandung Institute of Technology

Sutrisno Trisno is a lecturer at the Bandung Institute of Technology in the School of Life Sciences and Technology. He received a bachelor's degree in Forest Products Technology from Bogor Agricultural University, a master's degree in Forestry Sciences from Bogor Agricultural University, and a doctorate's degree in Biology from Bandung Institute of Technology. His research interest is in the technology of bio-based nanomaterials, development of natural-based adhesives for biocomposite application.

References

Statistics of Bandung Municipality. Bandung Municipalitiy in Figures 2019. [Internet]. Bandung: BPS Kota Bandung; 2019 [cited 2019 September 25]. Available from: https://bandungkota.bps.go.id/publication/2019/08/16/bd52ff3d885d75c04ddcfb17/kota-bandung-dalam-angka-2019.html

Badan Pusat Statistik. Kebutuhan Data Ketenagakerjaan untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. [Internet]. Direktur Statistik Kependudukan dan Ketenagakerjaan Badan Pusat Statistik; 2019 [cited 2019 September 25]. Available from: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@asia/@ro-bangkok/@ilo-jakarta/documents/presentation/wcms_346599.pdf

Agung P, Hartono D and Awirya A. Pengaruh Urbanisasi terhadap Konsumsi Energi dan Emisi CO2: Analisis Provinsi di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan [Internet]. 2017 May [cited 2019 August 20];10(1):9-17. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.24843/JEKT.2017.v10.i01.p02

Pratama, Riza. Efek Rumah Kaca terhadap Bumi. Buletin Utama Teknik [Internet]. 2019 Jan [cited 2019 August 20 ];14(2):120-126. Available from: https://jurnal.uisu.ac.id/index.php/but/article/view/1096

Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia. Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor P.12/Menhut-II/2012 [Internet]; 2012 [cited 2019 September 2]. Available from: https://www.forda-mof.org/files/P.12_2012_RencouldaTeknikRehabilitasiHutanLahanDAS_.pdf

Ludang, Yetrie. Keragaman Hayati Ruang Terbuka Hijau Berbasis Pengetahuan Ulayat di Kota Palangkaraya. Tangerang: An1mage; 2017.

Boer, R., Dewi, R. G., Siagian, U. W. R., Ardiansyah, M., Surmaini, E., Ridha, D. M., Gani, M., Rukmi, W. A., Gunawan, A., Utomo, P., Setiawan, G., Irwani, S., Parinderati, R. Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Inventarisasi Gas Rumah Kaca Nasional [Internet]. Jakarta: Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup; 2012 [cited 2019 November 27]. Availbale from: https://kemenperin.go.id/download/18859

Dinas Lingkungan Hidup Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Inventarisasi dan Penyusunan Profil Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca Provinsi DKI Jakarta [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: https://lingkunganhidup.jakarta.go.id/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/2018-Laporan-AkhirInventarisa si-GRK.pdf.

Dinaryanto, Okto. Pengaruh Jenis Burner terhadap Konsumsi Bahan Bakar LPG. Jurnal Angkasa [Internet]. 2010 April [cited 2019 November 20];2(1):77-84. Available from: http://stta.ac.id/data_lp3m /Okto.pdf

Nur, Rizka Permatayakti. Model Dinamika Sistem Penyerapan Emisi CO2 di Kota Bogor [Thesis]. Departemen Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor; 2014.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat. Provinsi Jawa Barat dalam Angka 2019 [Internet]. BPS Provinsi Jawa Barat; 2019 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: https://jabar.bps.go.id/publication/2019/08/16/b0a6b953b7 6cbe2239dc912d/provinsi-jawa-barat-dalam-angka-2019.html

Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Perubahan Iklim. Kontribusi Penurunan Emisi GRK Nasional, Menuju NDC 2030 [Internet]; 2017 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: http://ditjenppi.menlhk.go.id/berita-ppi/3150-kontribusi-penurunan-emisi-grk-nasional,-menuju-ndc-2030.html.

Djamin dan Wirawan. Pengaruh Komposisi Biodiesel terhadap Kinerja Mesin dan Emisi Gas Buang. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan [Internet]. 2010 September [cited 2019 November 18];11(3):381-387. Available from: http://ejurnal.bppt.go.id/index.php/JTL/article/view/1183

Alfarizi, Moh Khory. BBG 90 Persen Lebih Rendah Emisi daripada BBM, Bisa Setara Euro6 [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: https://tekno.tempo.co/read/1253417/ bbg-90- persen-lebih-rendah-emisi-daripada-bbm-bisa-setara-euro6.

Sinaga, Nazaruddin. Pelatihan Teknik Mengemudi Smart Driving untuk Menurunkan Emisi Gas Rumah Kaca dan Menekan Biaya Transportasi Angkutan Darat. Proceeding Seminar Nasional Tahunan Teknik Mesin XII (SNTTM XII) [Internet]. 2013 October [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: http://eprints.undip.ac.id/75836/

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 81 Tahun 2012. Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 81 Tahun 2012 tentang Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga dan Sampah Sejenis Sampah Rumah Tangga [Internet]; 2012 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/5295/pp-no-81-tahun-2012

Pertiwi, Puspita Cahyani. Alternatif Optimasi Pengolahan Sampah di TPST Desa Janti, Kecamatan Waru, Kabupaten Sidoarjo [Thesis]. Teknik Perencouldaan Wilayah dan Kota, Universitas Brawijaya; 2019.

Hariansyah. Pemanfaatan Kotoran Ternak Sapi sebagai Penghasil Biogas. Jurnal Teknik Protech [Internet]; 2009 April. [cited 2019 November 19];8(1). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322128695

Ispranoto, Tri. Ruang Terbuka Hijau di Bandung Masih Kurang 3.000 Hektare [Internet].; 2019 [cited 2019 November 18]. Available from: https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-barat/d-4408922/ruang-terbuka-hijau-di-bandung-masih-kurang-3000-hektare.

Downloads

Published

2021-07-13

Issue

Section

Articles