• Rosida Tiurma Manurung Dosen Tetap Koordinator Mata Kuliah Umum UK Maranatha


Conversationalist and opponent in a certain context have to create the teamwork so that both parties can reach the same intention. The effort is accomplished using "Maksim" (Cooperative Principle). This research will be analyzed and explained the positive "Maksim". The writer interests to do this research because the expanding of the positive maksim in acting to say, communications in acting to say will become fluently, pleasant, and even can bring kindliness. A study of the positive "maksim" covers the "maksim" of wisdom, cheapness, acceptance, ordinary, proper, and sympathy. This explanation becomes important because the writer has noticed that the behavior of conversationalist society tends to be apathetical, uncared, undignified, disrespect, and less have empathy to others. The positive "maksim" in psychological approach is studied because the appearance of positive or negatif maksim depends on the psychological condition of the conversationalist. The existence of this research is psychologically expected that the negatif behavior of conversationalist can be improved and , turned into the positive behavior of conversationalist. It has become our duty to realize the importance of creating the positive atmosphere in all matter, including the Language behavior. Keywords: behavioral act to say, maksim, psychological approach, positive psychology


Allan, Keith. 1986. Linguistic Meaning. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Plc.

Austin, J.L. 1962. How To Do Things With Words. Oxford: Oxford Univesity Press.

Backhouse, Robert. 1994. 5000 Quotations for Teachers and Preachers. Eastbourne, England: Kingsway Publications.

Grice, H.P. 1975. "Logic and Conversation" , Syntax and Semantics, Speech Act 3. New York: Academic Press.

Gunarwan, Asim. 2007. Pragmatik: Teori dan Kajian Nusantara. Jakarta: Unika Atmajaya.

Leech, Geoffrey. 1981. Semantics: The Study of Meaning. Second Edition. Harmondswort, England: Penguin Book. Nadar,

F.X. 2009. Pragmatik dan Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Parera, Jos Daniel. 2004. Teori Semantik. Edisi 2. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Slobin, D.J. 1974. Psycholinguistics. Glenview: Scott, Foresman Company.

Tambi, Jacky dan M. Hariwijaya.2009. Positive Life. Yogyakarta: Cemerlang Publishing.

Tarigan, Henry Guntur. 1986. Pengajaran Semantik. Bandung: Angkasa.

www.ruangpsikologi.com/tag/psikologi-positif. Diakses pada tanggal 25 januari 2010.