Development of Volcano Early Warning System for Kelud Volcano

Authors

  • Maria Evita
  • Azka Zakiyyatuddin
  • Sensius Seno
  • Nina Siti Aminah
  • Wahyu Srigutomo
  • Irwan Meilano
  • Ari Setiawan
  • Herlan Darmawan
  • Imam Suyanto
  • Irzaman Irzaman
  • Mohammad Yasin
  • Perdinan Perdinan
  • Retna Apsari
  • Wahyudi Wahyudi
  • Wiwit Suryanto
  • Mitra Djamal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2021.53.2.2

Keywords:

drone, early warning system, fuzzy control, gas, Kelud, mobile robot, seismicity, sensor, temperature, volcano.

Abstract

Kelud is one of Indonesian volcano lies between Kediri and Blitar districts of East Java province. This volcano has erupted since 1000 where casualties of 200000 people emerged until the last eruption in 2014. Therefore, it is needed a volcano early warning system to detect the eruption earlier for minimizing the casualties. We have developed an early warning system based on sensor nodes consist of vibration, temperature and gasses (sulfur and carbon dioxide) sensors to monitor the physical parameter of the volcano, drone surveillance, mapping and temperature measurement, and mobile robot consists of the same sensor as in the node for both normal and emergency situations. The system has been tested in Kelud volcano in August 2019. In a normal condition, the system has detected 1 Hz of seismicity, under 1 ppm of sulfur and carbon dioxide, 23-55.3oC of the lake temperature, 32oC of the ground temperature and 23-25oC of the air temperature. The system could be used for 37 hours of full operation for 1 charging cycles of solar cell’s charging process where suitable for dangerous environment application.

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Published

2021-03-12

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